Whats in your water!

holding glass water


Whatever else is in your water, the essential ingredient is H20, a compound that makes up as much as 75% of your body weight, depending on your age. It breaks down nutrients into forms your body can use and carries them where they’re needed. It also helps keep the right balance of water and salt in your body and even acts as a kind of shock absorber that protects your tissues and bones.

shower head

More Than Water in There

You may not think much about it when you take a shower or turn on the tap for a drink, but more than 2 billion people worldwide drink water that has pesticides, sewage, lead, mercury, hazardous waste, and other dangers in it. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sets the sets the standards for what’s in tap water in the U.S.


old well


Well Water

If you get yours from a well instead of a local water treatment facility, you should test for pesticides, organic chemicals, and heavy metals before you use it for the first time. Then test for fertilizer chemicals and certain kinds of bacteria every year. Some health issues, like headaches, diarrhea, and fatigue, can be signs of a problem. If you need guidance, the EPA website has more information.


test tube


About two-thirds of the public water in the U.S. has fluoride added to it. This mineral protects your teeth from decay. Typical levels are less than 1 part per million, and that’s considered safe by the CDC, which calls it one of the greatest public health achievements of the 20th century. The CDC website has information about the levels in specific areas.


The FDA warning is necessary because relatively small doses of fluoride can induce symptoms of acute fluoride toxicity (i.e., poisoning). Early symptoms of fluoride poisoning include gastrointestinal pain, nausea, vomiting, and headaches.

Is fluoride toxic to humans?

Fluoride is a highly toxic substance. … In terms of acute toxicity (i.e., the dose that can cause immediate toxic consequences), fluoride is more toxic than lead, but slightly less toxic than arsenic. This is why fluoride has long been used in rodenticides and pesticides to kill pests like rats and insects.
Fluoridation was introduced in a time when doctors advised that children should drink coca-cola and
before people knew that some people can be allergic to minute amounts of substances.


1972 The Netherlands
A double blind study by 10 physicians, biologists, a pharmacologist, an allergy specialist, a dermatologist, and a notary (to ensure objectivity). Demonstrated the same adverse symptoms as already described in the literature. Water was supplied from drinking bottles with secret codes, changed every 2 weeks, known only to the notary. After 16 weeks the reports were delivered, sealed, to the notary. They were opened with two witnesses. It was found that 1-5% showed adverse symptoms. The validity of the study was subsequently upheld in court. (On 31 August 1976, by Royal decree, fluoridation was banned in the Netherlands.)

If we extrapolate from the Dutch study, we can estimate that between 40,000 and 200,000 New Zealanders suffer from some degree of fluoride hypersensitivity. In many, the symptoms will be minor and people will accept them as every day occurrences. However, we know of cases which involve progressive chronic fatigue and other debilitating symptoms. We encourage anyone who lives in a fluoridated area and suffers the following symptoms on an on going basis to seek medical advice from a doctor who will take the possibility of fluoride poisoning seriously. It must be remembered that belief in the absolute safety of 1ppm fluoride, without considering the total daily intake from all sources as required by the WHO, is part of medical and dental training, hence only a doctor who has researched this issue him or herself will be aware of danger.

Alternatively, try avoiding fluoridated water and all other fluoridated products and see if symptoms diminish. It should be noted though, that after years of exposure this may not be immediate..

Symptoms include:

  • Gastric disturbances;
  • Stomach cramps;
  • Spastic or painful bowel;
  • Sometimes haemorrhaging;
  • Migraine-like headaches;
  • Tingling in extremities;
  • Muscular weakness, especially the arms and legs;
  • Painful joints;
  • Excessive thirst, especially in the morning or after drinking fluoridated water (polydipsia);
  • Excessive urine/dryness in the mouth (polyuria);
  • Mental confusion or inability to concentrate;
  • Malaise, tiredness, depression;
  • Skin disorders.

What does fluoride do to your body and mind?

Fluoride’s ability to damage the brain is one of the most active areas of fluoride research today. Over 300 studies have found that fluoride is a neurotoxin (a chemical that can damage the brain). … 3 human studies linking fluoride exposure with impaired fetal brain development.

Fluoride Action Network | Health Effects


salt heap


Good old salt: It’s even in the water you drink. A little is fine, but you get plenty of it from food. If you have health issues related to salt — high blood pressure or diabetes, for example — check your water’s sodium levels (both tap and bottled).

Overview of Salt Toxicity. Excessive salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) intake can lead to the condition known as salt poisoning, salt toxicity, hypernatremia, or water deprivation–sodium ion intoxication. … The acute oral lethal dose of salt in swine, horses, and cattle is ~2.2 g/kg; in dogs, it is ~4 g/kg.


The GI effects of oral salt administration include swollen tongue, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and thirst. Neurologic effects include thirst, irritability,weakness, headache, convulsions, and coma. Cerebral edema may occur, and muscle tremors may be noted.

How much sodium is too much?

1500 mg of sodium amounts to 0.75 teaspoons or 3.75 grams of salt per day, while 2300 mg amounts to one teaspoon or 6 grams of salt per day. Most people today are eating much more than that. The average intake of sodium is about 3400 mg, most of it coming from processed foods.Jun 22, 2017

arsenic chart



You may have heard bad things about this, but it’s a natural chemical, and some sources of water, like wells, can have low levels of it. Your local water provider should control the amount in yours, but if you get your water from a well or some other natural source, it’s a good idea to test it. In high levels, it’s been linked to heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and lower brain performance in children.

For the poison commonly called arsenic,

Arsenic is a chemical element with symbol As and atomic number 33. Arsenic occurs in many minerals, usually in combination with sulfur and metals, but also as a pure elemental crystal. Arsenic is a metalloid. It has various allotropes, but only the gray form is important to industry.

The primary use of metallic arsenic is in alloys of lead (for example, in car batteries and ammunition). Arsenic is a common n-type dopant in semiconductor electronic devices, and the optoelectronic compound gallium arsenide is the second most commonly used semiconductor after doped silicon. Arsenic and its compounds, especially the trioxide, are used in the production of pesticides, treated wood products, herbicides, and insecticides. These applications are declining, however.[7]

A few species of bacteria are able to use arsenic compounds as respiratory metabolites. Trace quantities of arsenic are an essential dietary element in rats, hamsters, goats, chickens, and presumably many other species, including humans. However, arsenic poisoning occurs in multicellular life if quantities are larger than needed. Arsenic contamination of groundwater is a problem that affects millions of people across the world.

The United StatesEnvironmental Protection Agency states that all forms of arsenic are a serious risk to human health.[8] The United States’ Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry ranked arsenic as number 1 in its 2001 Priority List of Hazardous Substances at Superfund sites.[9] Arsenic is classified as a Group-A carcinogen.[

rusty pipe flange


Your local water provider may not catch this one because it often comes from old pipes in your home or your neighborhood. The lead gets into your water right before it comes out of your tap. Home filtering systems can take it out of your tap water, but it’s important to test your levels and change the filter regularly — lead is linked to serious health problems in children and adults.



Lead is a bluish-white lustrous metal. It is very soft, highly malleable, ductile, and a relatively poor conductor of electricity. It is very resistant to corrosion but tarnishes upon exposure to air. Lead isotopes are the end products of each of the three series of naturally occurring radioactive elements.


Lead pipes bearing the insignia of Roman emperors, used as drains from the baths, are still in service. Alloys include pewter and solder. Tetraethyl lead (PbEt4) is still used in some grades of petrol (gasoline) but is being phased out on environmental grounds.
Lead is a major constituent of the lead-acid battery used extensively in car batteries. It is used as a coloring element in ceramic glazes, as projectiles, in some candles to threat the wick. It is the traditional base metal for organ pipes, and it is used as electrodes in the process of electrolysis. One if its major uses is in the glass of computer and television screens, where it shields the viewer from radiation. Other uses are in sheeting, cables, soldercopper and it is extracted together with these metals. The main lead mineral in Galena (PbS) and there are also deposits of cerrussite and anglesite which are mined. Galena is mined in Australia, which produces 19% of the world’s new lead, followed by the USA, China, Peru’ and Canada. Some is also mined in Mexico and West Germany. World production of new lead is 6 million tonnes a year, and workable reserves total are estimated 85 million tonnes, which is less than 15 year’s supply.

Lead occurs naturally in the environment. However, most lead concentrations that are found in the environment are a result of human activities. Due to the application of lead in gasoline an unnatural lead-cycle has consisted. In car engines lead is burned, so that lead salts (chlorines, bromines, oxides) will originate.
These lead salts enter the environment through the exhausts of cars. The larger particles will drop to the ground immediately and pollute soils or surface waters, the smaller particles will travel long distances through air and remain in the atmosphere. Part of this lead will fall back on earth when it is raining. This lead-cycle caused by human production is much more extended than the natural lead-cycle. It has caused lead pollution to be a worldwide issue’s lead crystal glassware, ammunitions, bearings and as weight in sport equipment.

Lead in the environment

Native lead is rare in nature. Currently lead is usually found in ore with zinc, silver and

What is Lead?

Lead is a naturally occurring element found in small amounts in the earth’s crust. While it has some beneficial uses, it can be toxic to humans and animals causing of health effects.

Where is Lead Found?

Lead can be found in all parts of our environment – the air, the soil, the water, and even inside our homes. Much of our exposure comes from human activities including the use of fossil fuels including past use of leaded gasoline, some types of industrial facilities, and past use of lead-based paint in homes. Lead and lead compounds have been used in a wide variety of products found in and around our homes, including paint, ceramics, pipes and plumbing materials, solders, gasoline, batteries, ammunition, and cosmetics.

Lead may enter the environment from these past and current uses. Lead can also be emitted into the environment from industrial sources and contaminated sites, such as former lead smelters. While natural levels of lead in soil range between 50 and 400 parts per million, mining, smelting, and refining activities have resulted in substantial increases in lead levels in the environment, especially near mining and smelting sites.

When lead is released to the air from industrial sources or vehicles, it may travel long distances before settling to the ground, where it usually sticks to soil particles. Lead may move from soil into ground water depending on the type of lead compound and the characteristics of the soil.

Federal and state regulatory standards have helped to reduce the amount of lead in air, drinking water, soil, consumer products, food, and occupational settings.

Learn more about sources of lead exposure:

Who is at Risk?


Lead is particularly dangerous to children because their growing bodies absorb more lead than adults do and their brains and nervous systems are more sensitive to the damaging effects of lead. Babies and young children can also be more highly exposed to lead because they often put their hands and other objects that can have lead from dust or soil on them into their mouths. Children may also be exposed to lead by eating and drinking food or water containing lead or from dishes or glasses that contain lead, inhaling lead dust from lead-based paint or lead-contaminated soil or from playing with toys with lead paint.

Adults, Including Pregnant Women

Adults may be exposed to lead by eating and drinking food or water containing lead or from dishes or glasses that contain lead. They may also breath lead dust by spending time in areas where lead-based paint is deteriorating, and during renovation or repair work that disturbs painted surfaces in older homes and buildings. Working in a job or engaging in hobbies where lead is used, such as making stained glass, can increase exposure as can certain folk remedies containing lead. A pregnant woman’s exposure to lead from these sources is of particular concern because it can result in exposure to her developing baby.

Lead Exposure Data

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Center for Health Statistics monitors blood lead levels in the United States. Get information on the number of children with elevated blood lead levels, and number and percentage of children tested for lead in your area.

According to CDC (PDF) (2 pp, 291 K, About PDF)

  • The most important step parents, doctors, and others can take is to prevent lead exposure before it occurs.
  • Until recently, children were identified as having a blood lead level of concern if the test result is 10 or more micrograms per deciliter of lead in blood. Experts now use a new level based on the U.S. population of children ages 1-5 years who are in the top 2.5% of children when tested for lead in their blood (when compared to children who are exposed to more lead than most children). Currently that is 5 micrograms per deciliter of lead in blood. The new, lower value means that more children likely will be identified as having lead exposure allowing parents, doctors, public health officials, and communities to take action earlier to reduce the child’s future exposure to lead.

EPA uses the CDC data to show trends on blood lead levels in children in America’s Children and the Environment.

What are the Health Effects of Lead?

Lead can affect almost every organ and system in your body. Children six years old and younger are most susceptible to the effects of lead.


Even low levels of lead in the blood of children can result in:

  • Behavior and learning problems
  • Lower IQ and Hyperactivity
  • Slowed growth
  • Hearing Problems
  • Anemia

In rare cases, ingestion of lead can cause seizures, coma and even death.

Pregnant Women

Lead can accumulate in our bodies over time, where it is stored in bones along with calcium. During pregnancy, lead is released from bones as maternal calcium and is used to help form the bones of the fetus. This is particularly true if a woman does not have enough dietary calcium. Lead can also cross the placental barrier exposing the fetus the lead.  This can result in serious effects to the mother and her developing fetus, including:

  • Reduced growth of the fetus
  • Premature birth

Find out more about lead’s effects on pregnancy:

Lead can also be transmitted through breast milk. Read more on lead exposure in pregnancy and lactating women (PDF) (302 pp, 4.2 MB, About PDF).

Other Adults

Lead is also harmful to other adults. Adults exposed to lead can suffer from:

  • Cardiovascular effects, increased blood pressure and incidence of hypertension
  • Decreased kidney function
  • Reproductive problems (in both men and women)

Read more on the health effects of lead

Lower Your Chances of Exposure to Lead

Simple steps like keeping your home clean and well-maintained will go a long way in preventing lead exposure. You can lower the chances of exposure to lead in your home, both now and in the future, by taking these steps:

Determine if your family is at risk for lead poisoning with the Lead Poisoning Home Checklist (PDF).

water testing kit


It’s used to kill germs in public water systems. Other chemicals are sometimes used as well, but chlorine is the most common. It’s considered safe in low levels, but you may notice a slight smell or taste.


How chlorine is used in everyday life?

Chlorine kills bacteria – it is a disinfectant. It is used to treat drinking water and swimming pool water. It is also used to make hundreds of consumer products from paper to paints, and from textiles to insecticides. About 20% of chlorine produced is used to make PVC.

Is chlorine gas liquid or solid?

State at room temperature. Room temperature is usually taken as being 25°C. At this temperature, fluorine and chlorine are gases, bromine is a liquid, and iodine and astatine are solids. There is therefore a trend in state from gas to liquid to solid down the group.

Is chlorine bad for you?

Chlorine is used in pool water because it kills bacteria and germs, oxidizes organic debris from perspiration and body oils, and fights algae. … And among adults, exposure to chlorine in pools has been linked to bladder and rectal cancer and increased risk for coronary heart disease.

How do we get chlorine?

Gas extraction. Chlorine can be manufactured by electrolysis of a sodium chloride solution (brine). The production of chlorine results in the co-products caustic soda (sodium hydroxide, NaOH) and hydrogen gas (H2). These two products, as well as chlorine itself, are highly reactive.

Is chlorine found in the human body?

Almost 99% of the mass of the human body is made up of six elements: oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus. Only about 0.85% is composed of another five elements: potassium, sulfur, sodium, chlorine, and magnesium. All 11 are necessary for life.
water filtration system


Filtration Systems

A quality, well-maintained system can take out most heavy metals and bacteria. But some heavy-duty ones can remove fluoride, which protects your teeth and gums. Look for a system that’s certified by the NSF (National Sanitation Foundation).


bottled water


Bottled Water

It’s regulated by the FDA, using standards set by the EPA, so it’s usually safe. But not any more so than tap water. And keep in mind that — aside from the extra cost — bottled water is often missing the fluoride that protects your teeth.

boiling water

When to Boil

If you’re not sure about the safety of your water because of flooding, a broken pipe, or something else, you can boil it. This should get rid of any bacteria, viruses, and other organisms that can make you sick. One minute is enough to get the job done — 3 minutes if you’re 5,000 feet or more above sea level.



water dropper

Bleach Your Water?

It sounds a little strange, but it’s an EPA-approved way to disinfect water in an emergency situation or clear bacteria from well water. Just 6 drops per gallon should do the trick — more than that can be dangerous. And use plain bleach, nothing “color-safe,” and no scents or added cleaners. Stir and let sit for 30 minutes. You can get more details on how and why to do this on the EPA website.



Minerals are essential for health and vitality. balanceprovides a source of several key minerals and over 70 vital trace minerals all in an easy to assimilate form.*


balanceis a simple additive to water and consuming it will augment your fluid intake if consumed in addition to other fluids you normally drink.


Balancing your fluid intake, pH buffering capacity and mineral intake optimizes digestive capacity, increases nutrient uptake and improves clearance of waste products to deliver optimal vitality & peak health.


All-natural, organic mineral supplement that balances your mineral intake to improve pH buffering capacity. Promotes increased fluid intake and nutrient and phytonutrient absorption.


Mineral, Health and Vitality Formula

Maintaining optimal mineral levels, enjoying peak health and increasing your body’s vitality are now more accessible than ever. OptimALL Nutritionbalanceis an all-natural, organic mineral supplement that balances your mineral intake to improve pH buffering capacity. balancepromotes increased fluid intake and nutrient and phytonutrient absorption.

Key Benefits

balanceYour Mineral Intake

• Minerals are essential for health and vitality. balanceprovides a source of several key minerals and over 70 vital trace minerals all in an easy to assimilate form.*

balanceYour Fluid Intake

balanceis a simple additive to water and consuming it will augment your fluid intake if consumed in addition to other fluids you normally drink.

balanceYour Vitality

• Balancing your fluid intake, pH buffering capacity and mineral intake optimizes digestive capacity, increases nutrient uptake and improves clearance of waste products to deliver optimal vitality & peak health.*

Ingredient Information

Avisae OptimALL Nutrition balanceis a mineral supplement composed primarily of a calcium matrix derived from naturally occurring fossilized coral deposits collected off the island of Okinawa1.

The Japanese Government oversees the actual mining. It is a very carefully controlled process using an undersea vacuum that is attached to the ship above. This practice limits the amount of dust sediment created. This undersea mining is confined to a small offshore “quarry” near Okinawa that is designated for this purpose only and it does not negatively affect surrounding live coral growth or the environment.

The coral-derived calcium-rich matrix contains a number of other naturally occurring trace elements.


You have heard that calcium protects your bones—but what do you really know about this essential nutrient? Most people may not realize that calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body. Calcium does far more than just strengthen your bones and teeth. Calcium also helps maintain heart rhythm, muscle function, and more.

Product Features

• Clinically proven, standardized ingredients

• Organic, All-natural

• Harvested with environmentally safe measures to ensure the highest levels of purity and safety 2

The body needs calcium to maintain strong bones and to carry out many other important functions. Just as important, the body also needs calcium for muscles to move and for nerves to carry vital messages between the brain and every part of the body. In addition, calcium is used to help blood vessels move blood throughout the body and aids the body in releasing hormones that affect other essential body functions.

As bones undergo natural degeneration, calcium is essential to build new bone. Getting enough calcium is important for keeping your bones strong throughout your lifetime, but is especially critical during childhood while the bones are still growing. It is also essential during the senior years, when bones tend to break down faster than they can rebuild. Older bones loose bone mineral density and can be more easily fractured—a condition called osteoporosis. Calcium supplements are standard for treating and preventing osteoporosis—weak and easily broken bones—and its precursor, osteopenia.

Calcium also plays an important role in several other body functions, including:

• Nerve signal transmission

• Hormone release

• Muscle contraction

• Blood vessel function

• Blood clotting

There is also some early evidence that calcium might lower blood pressure and help protect against colorectal and prostate cancers. However, these observations have yet to be confirmed in long term studies.

Experts say that most adults in the U.S. are deficient in calcium. While improving one’s diet will help, without supplementing calcium many people will still fall short of the daily requirement. Make sure to avoid eating high salt foods or drinking soda when you take your supplements because they interfere with calcium absorption.

Calcium is used for many other conditions. It’s an ingredient in many antacids. Doctors also use calcium to control high levels of magnesium, phosphorus, and potassium in the blood. It also may reduce PMS symptoms.

The people at highest risk of a calcium deficiency are postmenopausal women. Since dairy products are one of the most common sources of calcium, people who are lactose intolerant or vegan are also at increased risk of calcium deficiency.

The Institute of Medicine has set an adequate intake (AI) for calcium. Getting this amount from diet, with or without supplements, may be enough to keep your bones healthy under normal circumstances but there are many potential confounding factors that can impact this adequacy. Doctors may recommend higher doses.

Category Calcium: Adequate Intake (AI)
0-6 months 210 mg/day
7-12 months 270 mg/day
1-3 years 700 mg/day
4-8 years 1,000 mg/day
9-18 years 1,300 mg/day
19-50 years 1,000 mg/day
51 years and up 1,200 mg/day